Flinders petrie sequence dating

Flinders petrie sequence dating

Flinders Petrie — Egyptologist. A method developed by Sir Flinders Petrie to provide a relative chronology for predynastic Egyptian ceramics but later applied more widely. The basic idea was to create a sequence of pottery types based on a typology of form correlated with stratigraphic relationships. Search for: All Rights Reserved.

Flinders petrie sequence dating definition

Petrie was a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artefacts. He held the first chair of Egyptology in the United Kingdom, and excavated many of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt in conjunction with his wife, Hilda Petrie. Moreover, Petrie also developed the system of dating layers based on pottery and ceramic findings. William Matthew Flinders Petrie received no formal education.

However, his father taught his son how to survey accurately, laying the foundation for his archaeological career. Flinders Petrie ventured his first archaeological opinion aged eight, when friends visiting the Petrie family were describing the unearthing of the Brading Roman Villa in the Isle of Wight. The boy was horrified to hear the rough shoveling out of the contents, and protested that the earth should be pared away, inch by inch, to see all that was in it and how it lay. Petrie already surveyed British prehistoric monuments during his teenage years.

His father had corresponded with Piazzi Smyth about his theories of the Great Pyramid and Petrie travelled to Egypt in early to make an accurate survey of Giza, making him the first to properly investigate how they were constructed. Returning to England at the end of , Petrie wrote a number of articles and then met Amelia Edwards , journalist and patron of the Egypt Exploration Fund, who became his strong supporter and later appointed him as Professor at her Egyptology chair at University College London.

In , he started his excavations in Egypt. He received them on condition that the rock tombs were excluded. Petrie accepted the obligation. During this time, he also climbed rope ladders at Sehel Island near Aswan to draw and photograph thousands of early Egyptian inscriptions on a cliff face, recording embassies to Nubia, famines and wars. At the Fayum burial site, the archaeologist found intact tombs and 60 of the famous portraits, and discovered from inscriptions on the mummies that they were kept with their living families for generations before burial.

He surveyed a group of tombs in the Wadi al-Rababah of Jerusalem, largely dating to the Iron Age and early Roman periods. Here, in these ancient monuments, Petrie discovered two different metrical systems. Amelia Edwards died in April and bequeathed both her large library and her Egyptian antiques to University College. Petrie was 39 years old at the time and was indeed — as Edwards had wished — appointed to this post.

In , Petrie sold his large collection of antiques to University College, which thus owned the largest Egyptian collection in the world. During the Second World War the collection was housed partly in the basement and partly in other houses outside London, so that it suffered little damage. After World War I, Petrie had been engaged in cataloguing the museum holdings at University College before he travelled again to Egypt in In Petrie worked again on the graves in Abydos and later in Oxyrhynchos today: Al Bahnasa, near Sandafa , where he found the remains of colonnades, remains of the theatre and parts of the necropolis.

He was now 70 and the long years of his strenuous and renunciating life began to show in his health so that he travelled less to Egypt. In Petrie decided to go to Palestine because of the unclear conditions for archaeologists in Egypt — Egypt over the border as he called it. In , his doctor advised Petrie to settle in a warmer climate. He retired from his chair at University College and moved to Jerusalem, where he dies in Year 3, Vol.

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The Sequence Dates. The method used by Petrie for dating the Naqada Period pottery was first described in Petrie and later again in Petrie Predynastic Pots in Demonstration of Petrie's Sequence Dating William Mathew Flinders Petrie () was financed in part by.

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In this image Susan our curatorial assistant is arranging some Predynastic Egyptian pots with the help of Suzanna, one of the placements.

Petrie was a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artefacts. He held the first chair of Egyptology in the United Kingdom, and excavated many of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt in conjunction with his wife, Hilda Petrie. Moreover, Petrie also developed the system of dating layers based on pottery and ceramic findings.

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Sequence dating , a relative dating method, allows assemblages to be arranged in a rough serial order, which is then taken to indicate time. By linking styles of pottery with different time periods, he was able to establish the relative chronology of the site. Sir Flinders Petrie — was the first to use seriation in Egyptology. Sir Flinders Petrie, the younger contemporary of archaeologist Augustus Pitt-Rivers, was meticulous in his excavations and recorded every artifact and detail on site. From his work, Petrie was able to bring chronological order to 2, pit graves of the Naqada cemetery in Upper Egypt.

sequence dating

The method used by Petrie for dating the Naqada Period pottery was first described in Petrie For a detailed description see there. See a table of pottery arranged according to the Sequence Dates. Petrie took the wavy-handled pottery as guide line. He recognised gradual change from globular to narrow cylindrical types. The globular are the older while the cylindrical are the later types which he found in the royal tombs of the First Dynasty in Abydos. Petrie examined which types occur regularly together with the wavy-handlel pottery and which not. A large part of the pottery was not found with the wavy-handled. In particular the cross-lined ware was never found with it, so it must have been the furthest removed in time from the wavy-lined. Petrie produced for every tomb a thin card slip with the main types of finds, especially pottery, recorded from that tomb.

He assumed that the change in styles was an evolutionary one, and, if you could quantify that change, he surmised it might be used to indicate which cemeteries were older than others. Petrie's notions about Egyptology—and archaeology in general —were revolutionary.

Issue 53 , Egypt , Great Discoveries. Posted by Current World Archaeology.

Sir Flinders Petrie

He held the first chair of Egyptology in the United Kingdom, and excavated many of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt in conjunction with his wife, Hilda Petrie. Petrie developed the system of dating layers based on pottery and ceramic findings. Anne was the daughter of Captain Matthew Flinders , who led the first circumnavigation of Australia. Petrie was raised in a Christian household his father being a member of the Plymouth Brethren , and was educated at home. He had no formal education. His father taught his son how to survey accurately, laying the foundation for his archaeological career. At the age of eight, he was tutored in French, Latin, and Greek, until he had a collapse and was taught at home. He also ventured his first archaeological opinion aged eight, when friends visiting the Petrie family were describing the unearthing of the Brading Roman Villa in the Isle of Wight. The boy was horrified to hear the rough shovelling out of the contents, and protested that the earth should be pared away, inch by inch, to see all that was in it and how it lay. I was already in archaeology by nature. The chair of Edwards Professor of Egyptian Archaeology and Philology at University College London was set up and funded in following a bequest from Amelia Edwards , who died suddenly in that year. Petrie's supporter since , Edwards had instructed that he should be its first incumbent.

Flinders Petrie

Sir Flinders Petrie , in full Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie , born June 3, , Charlton, near Greenwich, London, England—died July 28, , Jerusalem , British archaeologist and Egyptologist who made valuable contributions to the techniques and methods of field excavation and invented a sequence dating method that made possible the reconstruction of history from the remains of ancient cultures. He was knighted in Petrie was named for his maternal grandfather, Matthew Flinders , British navigator, pioneer hydrographer, and explorer of Australia and Tasmania. A frail child, Petrie was privately educated, early developing archaeological and ethnological interests, particularly in the area of ancient weights and measures , and in Egyptology. At the age of 24, Petrie wrote Inductive Metrology; or, The Recovery of Ancient Measures from the Monuments, a work that represented a new approach to archaeological study. Fieldwork done at various locations in Britain, including Stonehenge , enabled him to determine by mathematical computations the unit of measurement for the construction of the monument. His Stonehenge:

An Introduction to Seriation

Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Submitted to Prof. Edmund Meltzer. Meltzer The system of sequence-dating was originated at the turn of the century by Flinders Petrie, who sought to establish a reliable internal chronology of prehistoric Egyptian material through pottery types. Petrie explains how he developed the system in his memoir on Diospolis Parva.

Flinders Petrie and his Excavations in Egypt and Palestine

Scroll through the decades in the life story of the remarkable William Matthew Flinders Petrie, featuring archive images and quotes by him and those who knew him. Anne was the daughter of Captain Matthew Flinders, who was famous as an explorer of the coasts of Australia. In his early years, Petrie was home schooled, but his health was not strong. Nonetheless, some of his lifelong interests, such as a fascination with weights and measures were already beginning to emerge. Petrie's interest in history and archaeology became apparent at an early age.

Sequence dating , a relative dating method, allows assemblages to be arranged in a rough serial order, which is then taken to indicate time. By linking styles of pottery with different time periods, he was able to establish the relative chronology of the site. Sir Flinders Petrie — was the first to use seriation in Egyptology. Sir Flinders Petrie, the younger contemporary of archaeologist Augustus Pitt-Rivers, was meticulous in his excavations and recorded every artifact and detail on site. From his work, Petrie was able to bring chronological order to 2, pit graves of the Naqada cemetery in Upper Egypt. The sequence dating method allowed the relative date, if not the absolute date, of any given Predynastic Egypt site to be ascertained by examining the handles on pottery, general form of the piece, and the stratigraphic layer it was found in.

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Archaeological Dating Techniques: Stratigraphy
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